CINEMARK HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
In thousands, except share and per share data
Fair Value Measurements — According to authoritative guidance, inputs used in fair value measurements fall into three different categories; Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. The Company had an interest rate swap agreement and investments in marketable securities that were adjusted to fair value on a recurring basis (quarterly). With respect to its interest rate swap agreement, the Company used the income approach to determine the fair value of its interest rate swap agreement and under this approach, the Company used projected future interest rates as provided by the counterparties to the interest rate swap agreement and the fixed rate that the Company was obligated to pay under the agreement. Therefore, the Company’s fair value measurements for its interest rate swap used significant unobservable inputs, which fall in Level 3. The interest rate swap agreement expired in April 2016. With respect to its investments in marketable securities, the Company used quoted market prices, which fall under Level 1 of the hierarchy. There were no changes in valuation techniques during the period and no transfers in or out of Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 during the years ended December 31, 2015, 2016 and 2017. See Note 11 for further discussion of the Company’s fair value measurements. The Company also uses fair value measurements on a nonrecurring basis, primarily in the impairment evaluations for goodwill, intangible assets and other long-lived assets. See Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets and Theatre Properties and Equipment included above for discussion of such fair value measurements.
Acquisitions — The Company accounts for acquisitions under the acquisition method of accounting. The acquisition method requires that the acquired assets and liabilities, including contingencies, be recorded at fair value determined on the acquisition date and changes thereafter reflected in income. For significant acquisitions, the Company obtains independent third party valuation studies for certain of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed to assist the Company in determining fair value. The estimation of the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed involves a number of estimates and assumptions that could differ materially from the actual amounts realized. The Company provides assumptions, including both quantitative and qualitative information, about the specified asset or liability to the third party valuation firms. The Company primarily utilizes the third parties to accumulate comparative data from multiple sources and assemble a report that summarizes the information obtained. The Company then uses the information to record estimated fair value. The third party valuation firms are supervised by Company personnel who are knowledgeable about valuations and fair value. The Company evaluates the appropriateness of the assumptions and valuation methodologies utilized by the third party valuation firm.
NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Impact of New Revenue Recognition Standard
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), (“ASC 606”), which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. ASC 606 will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. generally accepted accounting principles when it becomes effective. In addition, the standard requires disclosure of the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from the contracts with customers.
ASC 606 permits two methods of adoption: retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (full retrospective method), or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application (modified retrospective method).