Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense was $101.7 million
for the 2016 period compared to $91.9 million for the 2015 period. The increase was primarily due to new theatres and theatre remodels.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets. We recorded asset impairment charges on assets held and used of $1.9 million for the 2016 period
compared to $4.3 million for the 2015 period. The long-lived asset impairment charges recorded during each of the periods presented were specific to theatres that were directly and individually impacted by increased competition, adverse changes in
market demographics or adverse changes in the development or the conditions of the areas surrounding the theatre. Impairment charges for the 2016 period impacted five of our twenty-seven reporting units. See Note 10 to our condensed consolidated
Loss on Sale of Assets and Other. We recorded a loss on sale of assets and other of $4.0 million during the
2016 period compared to $4.4 million during the 2015 period. The loss recorded during the 2016 period was primarily due to the retirement of assets due to theatre remodels and closures, partially offset by a gain on the sale of our investment in
RealD stock (see Note 7). The loss recorded during the 2015 period included lease termination costs, contract termination costs and the retirement of assets due to theatre remodels and closures, partially offset by a gain related to lease amendments
that resulted in a reduction of certain capital lease liabilities.
Interest Expense. Interest costs incurred, including
amortization of debt issue costs, were $55.3 million for the 2016 period compared to $56.5 million for the 2015 period. The decrease was due to the redemption of our previously outstanding $200.0 million 7.375% senior subordinated notes (the
7.375% Senior Subordinated Notes) funded by a $225.0 million add-on to our 4.875% senior notes (the 4.875% Senior Notes), which occurred on March 21, 2016. See Note 4 to our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Loss On Debt Amendments and Refinancing. We recorded a loss of $13.3 million during the 2016 period primarily related to the early
redemption of our $200.0 million 7.375% Senior Subordinated Notes (see Note 4). We recorded a loss of $0.9 million during the 2015 period related to the amendment of our senior secured credit facility to extend the maturity of the $700.0 million
term loan from December 2019 to May 2022.
Foreign Currency Exchange Gain (Loss). We recorded a foreign currency exchange gain of
approximately $2.4 million during the 2016 period compared to a foreign currency exchange loss of $6.8 million during the 2015 period. These amounts primarily represent the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on intercompany
transactions between our domestic subsidiaries and our international subsidiaries.
Distributions from NCM. We recorded
distributions from NCM of $8.7 million during the 2016 period and $8.5 million during the 2015 period, which were in excess of the carrying value of our Tranche 1 investment. See Note 6 to our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Equity in Income of Affiliates. We recorded equity in income of affiliates of $12.2 million during the 2016 period compared to $9.3
million during the 2015 period. See notes 6 and 7 for information about the equity investments to our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Income Taxes. Income tax expense of $65.1 million was recorded for the 2016 period compared to $69.2 million recorded for the 2015
period. The effective tax rate was 36.5% for the 2016 period compared to 37.8% for the 2015 period. tax provisions for interim (quarterly) periods are based on estimated annual income tax rates and are adjusted for the effects of significant,
infrequent or unusual items (i.e. discrete items) occurring during the interim period. As a result, the interim rate may vary significantly from the normalized annual rate.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
primarily collect our revenues in cash, mainly through box office receipts and the sale of concessions. In addition, nearly all of our theatres provide the patron a choice of using a credit card, debit card or advanced-sale type certificates such as
a gift card, in place of cash. Because our revenues are received in cash prior to the payment of related expenses, we have an operating float and historically have not required traditional working capital financing. Cash provided by
operating activities was $200.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to $180.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015.